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Adult hearing screening: the Cyprus Pilot Program

C. Thodi, M. Parazzini, S.E. Kramer, A.C. Davis, S. Stenfelt, T. Janssen, D. Stephens, P.A. Smith, M. Pronk, L.J.C. Anteunis, F. Grandori
  • M. Parazzini
    Istituto di Ingegneria Biomedica ISIB, CNR - Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Milano, Italy
  • S.E. Kramer
    Department of ENT/Audiology, VU University Medical Center, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • A.C. Davis
    MRC Hearing and Communication Group, Royal Free Hampstead NHS Trust, London, United Kingdom
  • S. Stenfelt
    Linkoepings Universitet - Faculty of Health Sciences, Division of Technical Audiology, Sweden
  • T. Janssen
    Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universität München, Germany
  • D. Stephens
    Department of Psychological Medicine and Neurology, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom
  • P.A. Smith
    MRC Hearing and Communication Group, Royal Free Hampstead NHS Trust, London; Hearing Services Department, Leicester Royal Infirmary, Leicester, United Kingdom
  • M. Pronk
    Department of ENT/Audiology, VU University Medical Center, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • L.J.C. Anteunis
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, Netherlands
  • F. Grandori
    Istituto di Ingegneria Biomedica ISIB, CNR - Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Milano, Italy

Abstract

Hearing loss is the third most common condition affecting adults over 65 (Cruickshanks et al., 1998). It can affect quality of life, limiting the ability to communicate efficiently, and leading to isolation, psychological strain, and functional decline (LaForge, Spector, Sternberg, 1992; Yueh, Shapiro, MacLean, Shekelle, 2003). Communication limitations impinge on the person directly, as well as the family, friends, and social circle. Reports on hearing loss among adults indicate that less than 25% of people who can benefit from amplification are actually using hearing aids, and that people diagnosed with a hearing loss delay seeking amplification by about seven years (Kochkin, 1997). Often, family members are the driving force behind a person with a hearing loss who decides to seek help. Adult hearing screening programs might have a positive effect on raising public awareness on hearing loss and its implications, and shortening delay time for intervention. There is no routine hearing screening for the adult population in Cyprus. The health system provides hearing tests for beneficiaries upon physician recommendation or self-referral. The Cyprus pilot adult hearing screening program (ΑΠΑΣ- EVERYONE- Greek acronym for Screening- Intervention-Hearing-Participation to Life) screened hearing in retired adults.

Keywords

hearing, screening, adult, audiometry, presbycusis, pure tone, otoscopy.

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Submitted: 2011-03-23 10:04:04
Published: 2011-03-23 10:04:05
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