Asymmetric hearing loss and chronic dizziness in a patient with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus

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Theodoros Varakliotis *
Federico Maspes
Vittoria Di Rubbo
Sara Cisternino
Maria Lauriello
Elisa Vitti
Alberto Eibenstein
(*) Corresponding Author:
Theodoros Varakliotis | theo_va@hotmail.com

Abstract

We report a case of a 54-year old female patient, complaining for chronic dizziness, hearing loss, tension headaches without aura, postural instability and gait dysfunction. The patient referred having these symptoms from 1992, but the last few months she experienced a noticeable aggravation of the symptoms. A magnetic resonance imaging test revealed a triventricular hydrocephalus, not associated with signs of intracranial hypertension decompensation. The ENT-Audiology evaluation revealed a bilateral sensorineural hearing loss with a conductive component, video-nystagmography resulted in an areflexia of the right ear and a reduced vestibular activity for the left ear. Auditory brainstem response test was also carried out and showed pathologic findings for the latencies of the waves I-III, III-V and I-V bilaterally but more significant in the right ear. On January 2016 the patient had endoscopic third ventriculostomy. On the follow up the patient referred an important subjective improvement regarding instability and gait dysfunction. In this paper we study the correlation between hydrocephalus, hearing loss and vestibular dysfunction.


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